Good transit is a powerful tool to make cities more equitable. But transit itself is also rife with racial inequities.
To eliminate racial disparities in transit, we have to understand the influences of white flight, segregation, and discrimination on the formation of modern American transit systems. Our new video examines how those historical factors continue to shape transit today:
We focus on three aspects of the legacy of racism in American transit. The waiting environment at bus stops, for instance, is much less comfortable than the waiting environment at commuter rail stations — which reflects the segregation between local bus services used primarily by Black and brown city residents and “commuter” services used primarily by white 9-to-5 office workers shuttling in from the suburbs. Likewise, in their service patterns and fare policies, commuter railroads cater to a whiter, more affluent ridership, bypassing Black and brown neighborhoods. And racial discrimination is rampant in transit policing, which metes out penalties disproportionately to Black and brown riders.
In each case, advocates are campaigning for policies to reduce inequities, and transit agencies are beginning to respond. Metro Transit in the Twin Cities, for instance, initiated a program to add benches and shelters at bus stops, prioritizing Black and brown neighborhoods. In Chicago, Cook County and the regional rail agency Metra have lowered fares at stations on the South Side. And in the Bay Area, police reform campaigns have spurred BART to expand the use of unarmed ambassadors as a public safety presence on board.
By reckoning with the legacy of racism in their present-day operations, transit agencies can identify harmful practices and implement reforms that make their services more equitable and just.
Many thanks to the researchers, public officials, and policy experts who contributed their insights to this video.
Recent TransitCenter research explores how transit agencies and advocates can take concrete steps to address the legacy of racism in transit:
- Our new report, Equity in Practice, examines how to align internal transit agency structures, culture, and practices with providing equitable service.
- The Transit Equity Dashboard identifies racial disparities in transit access in six large regions, demonstrating how new ways of measuring service can help assess whether agencies are making transit more equitable. TransitCenter’s Mary Buchanan and Greater Greater Washington’s Ron Thompson discussed the dashboard on the High Frequency podcast.
- Safety for All reviews the history of transit policing and surveys how new public safety efforts at U.S. transit agencies are reducing the harmful effects of over-policing.
- And From Sorry to Superb: Everything You Need to Know About Great Bus Stops is our guide to overcoming bureaucratic inertia to create comfortable, accessible, and welcoming waiting environments for bus riders.
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